Call for Papers

Mixed Methods Research in Education: Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Research of Kindergarten, Schools, Higher and Further Education

Deadline: April 14th, 2023

At the conference we would like to reflect on the blind spots inherent in any qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods approach as well as on advantages and disadvantages from this integrative perspective and discuss how different qualitative and quantitative approaches can be combined to advance our understanding of educational processes and structures. Moreover, we also want to discuss the practical and institutional disadvantages, challenges, limits as well as the scope of integrative research.

The contributions can discuss mixed methods in educational research in three different ways:
First, the results of (a) ongoing, (b) completed, or alternatively (c) problem outlines of planned mixed-methods projects in educational research can be presented. Based on concrete examples, these presentations should provide insights into the challenges and problems of integrating results from different perspectives and illustrate with examples if and how the methods and results complement each other. They should point out if there is or respectively what is seen as added value of the mixed methods analysis.

Second, developing a mixed methods perspective, results from mono-methodical (qualitative or quantitative) projects can be presented. The focus should be on a systematic reflection of "blind spots" of the method(s) used, and on discussing which questions remain to be tackled by a mixed methods research design. These presentations should therefore reflect to what extent mixed or multi methods approaches could enrich a specific empirical analysis.

Third, more theoretical or more methodological contributions can be submitted that discuss respective or practical implications of mixed methods approaches in educational research.

Educational research in general (e.g., Murphy 2022), and mixed methods research on education in particular, is led by a variety of social theories. For example, theory-led or reflecting research to be discussed at the conference may address social mechanisms operating in the domains of collective experience and social interaction in education (organizations). One striking example, calling for the integration of various perspectives and mixed methods approaches is social inequality in education. Tilly (1999, 2001) proposes four social mechanisms explaining inequality — interactions of exploitation, opportunity hoarding, emulation, and adaption —, which is based on categories of citizenship, class, ethnicity/race, gender, etc. Exploitation and opportunity hoarding are generative social mechanisms aiming for individual and collective actors› advantages (e.g., income, prestige, power, wealth, etc.). Tilly‹s (1999) argument for inequality made durable in organizational form adds to the complexity of analysing educational decision-making by establishing a micro-meso-macro-link. The emulated and adapted meso-level representations (i.e., organizations) of ›the invention of procedures that ease day-to-day interaction, and the elaboration of valued social relations around existing divisions‹ (Tilly 1999: 97) has been widely studied in schools (e.g., Bourdieu 1996; Kahn 2015; Young 1958), universities (e.g., Boliver 2017; Ding et al. 2021, Sandel 2021), etc. According to Tilly (1999: 6), studying ›the causes, uses, structures, and effects of categorical inequality‹ answers the HOW and WHY questions of government policies concerning investment, redistribution, etc., the organization and operation of schools, universities, etc. rooting in categorical forms of discrimination to produce and establish durable inequality.

Research questions in the educational fields of Kindergarten, schools, higher and further Education, including special education across all fields, to be discussed at the conference may concern, but are not at all limited to

  • What are the causes, uses, structures, and effects of categorical inequality, and how are they embedded in government policies?
  • How is educational decision-making embedded in educational contexts, for example, how do teachers or career counsellors impact on students› or parents‹ educational decisions?
  • How are regional educational opportunities related to social educational inequalities and how (by which actors, with which means) are regional educational accesses governed and justified?
  • How do educational opportunities differ across country-specific education systems, historically and at present, and how are they linked to national educational policy?
  • How and in which education policy contexts has educational permeability developed over time, and how does it affect educational trajectories and related social inequalities (e.g. gender typical trajectories)?
  • How is the recognition of prior learning (RPL) organized in different contexts (regions, countries) and who benefits from different models of RPL?
  • How can experimental research on educational processes and decision-making be connected to and enriched by qualitative approaches?

Addressing core issues of educational research, we would like to reflect on the appropriateness of different methodological approaches and the role of mixed methods studies. Given manifold differences in the objects of educational research, research questions, and approaches, we aim at exchanging insights in practical experiences, methodological considerations, and theoretical approaches when integrating two or more methods. Since the training and socialization of researchers often takes place in largely separate research traditions, this conference should also serve to cross borders in order to discuss jointly how qualitative and quantitative methods can be combined in educational research, how they complement each other, and which problems these mixed analyses are facing. Ideally, submissions should address the following aspects:

  • Research topic, research question, and project context
  • Motivation for mixed methods research
  • Theoretical and conceptual embedding
  • In case of empirical contributions: Data and methods (with an emphasis on how and why data, methods, and results are integrated)
  • (Preliminary) results, with a critical reflection on the integrative analysis

Abstract, submission deadline, and organizing team: Please send your abstracts in English (max. 500 words) as PDF file to angela.graf(at) and schneijderberg(at) The deadline for submission is April 14th 2023.

Notification of selected papers will be send by 12 May 2023, at the latest. The conference language is English, and will be held in person at Leibniz University in Hannover, Germany.

Organizing team: Christian Imdorf (University of Hannover), Angela Graf (TU Munich, bidt), Andrea Hense (SOFI Göttingen) and Christian Schneijderberg (University of Kassel).